Interestingly, even the most ardent supporters of "united and indivisible Russia" voted for a federation of independent Kuban with Ukraine. The delegation of the Kuban council received weapons from official Kyiv, and among the Cossacks there were happy rumors about the landing of the Haidamaks on the seashore.
I would like to draw readers' attention to a significant event in the history of Ukraine (for some reason this event is now almost not advertised) - the proclamation of the independent Kuban People's Republic on February 16, 1918, which was annexed to Ukraine on federal terms.

The Kuban People's Republic included the Kuban region, Stavropol region, Terek, Dagestan and the Black Sea region (Black Sea province).

On April 30-May 3, 1917, a meeting of the Cossacks took place in Katerynodar, at which a Cossack government was formed - the Kuban Military Council. 1917 in the Kuban is a time of awakening of the Ukrainian consciousness and the Kuban Cossacks. They did not accept the Bolshevik ideology.

After the formation of the Kuban Military Council and the Regional Government in the Kuban, the search for and repair of ties and relations with Ukraine by the Central Council began. Mykola Ryabovol was one of the most active politicians in this matter.

As the founders of the Kuban army together with the American fought against the Turks

On September 24, 1917, the 2nd session of the Kuban Military Council began its work, and representatives of Ukraine were invited to it. They spoke at a meeting of the Council. Ryabovol greeted them:

"Dear guests! Stepmother-fate tore our Cossack grandfathers from their mother's womb and threw them into the Kuban. For more than a hundred years we lived here as orphans in the steppes, floodplains, mountains without maternal care.

The kings did everything to knock out of our heads, from our souls the memory of Ukraine and love for the Mother. The kings wanted to make us murderers, they wanted us, when the right time came, the time of liberation of Ukraine, to crush the will with our own hands, to rinse our swords in the blood of the Mother.

They would never expect that. We did not wait, because even though our kings mutilated our souls, they did not kill us, and we children would not raise our hands to the Mother. "

In November 1917, the Ukrainian government officially recognized the right of the Kuban Cossacks to exist independently. On December 30, a congress of Ukrainian public figures and representatives of the Ukrainian population of Kuban took place, at which the resolution stated "on the accession of Kuban to Ukraine."

On January 4, 1918, at the request of the Ukrainian Black Sea Council, 29 political parties and organizations supported the 3rd Universal of the Central Rada and appealed to the Kuban Military Government about the expediency of Kuban's accession to Ukraine.

The obstacle to the formation of the Kuban statehood and the establishment of relations between the Kuban and Ukraine was the conflict between the Kuban Cossacks and "outsiders", in which the Bolsheviks gained shaky authority among the Kubans. Thanks to the tireless work of Luka Bych and Kindrat Bardiz, this conflict was resolved and paved the way for Cuban independence.

The agitation of Kuban-Ukrainians at the session of the National Council and at the Regional Congress of Representatives of the entire population of the region in December 1917 had a great influence on the establishment of Kuban independence.

In the second half of February 1918, after the end of the session, a meeting of council members adopted and adopted a resolution on the annexation of Kuban on federal grounds to Ukraine.

Members of the Council supported the separation of Ukraine from Russia. Interestingly, even the most ardent supporters of "united and indivisible Russia", such as Skobtsov, voted for a federation with Ukraine. Earlier, the constitution of Independent Kuban was adopted.

The Bolsheviks did not recognize the independence of Kuban and its accession to Ukraine and declared war on the Soviet. Combat units of the Red Army from the German front arrived in the Kuban, the best armed at the time.

On February 22, 1918, when the situation became hopeless, the military ataman Filimonov convened a meeting at which it was decided to leave Ekaterinodar. The chairman of the Legislative Council, Ryabovol, and Bardizh offered to withdraw to Novorossiysk in an organized manner, but no decision was made.

A pre-departure address in Katerynodar read: "We left Katerynodar. But this does not mean that the struggle is over. We are inspired by the idea of ​​defending our land from the destruction of the Bolshevik invaders."

The Kuban Council agreed with the Volunteer Army. Georgy Pokrovsky mentions:

"At a time when village after village was falling under the Bolsheviks, who were abandoning the German and Turkish fronts and invading the Kuban and establishing Soviet rule, an unarmed handful of brave men led by the Legislative Council, government and military ataman left Katerinodar alone. Bolshevism. "

While traveling through the villages, a handful of people accidentally came across a detachment of Kornilov and Alekseev, the nucleus of the Newborn Volunteer Army.

The Bolsheviks considered Kuban part of the territory of the RSFSR, they repeatedly pointed this out to the Ukrainian government in the future in an ultimatum of the Council of People's Commissars, which was the beginning of Lenin's war against Ukraine, this issue was veiled under № 3.

A delegation from the Kuban Council was sent to Ukraine and received weapons from the Ukrainian authorities. The struggle against the Bolsheviks united the Kuban Rada with the Volunteer Army; although the Cubans were hesitant to ally them. However, a military alliance was concluded between them.

On April 30-May 3, 1917, a meeting of the Cossacks took place in Katerynodar, at which a Cossack government was formed - the Kuban Military Council. 1917 in the Kuban is a time of awakening of the Ukrainian consciousness and the Kuban Cossacks. They did not accept the Bolshevik ideology.

After the formation of the Kuban Military Council and the Regional Government in the Kuban, the search for and repair of ties and relations with Ukraine by the Central Council began. Mykola Ryabovol was one of the most active politicians in this matter.

As the founders of the Kuban army together with the American fought against the Turks

On September 24, 1917, the 2nd session of the Kuban Military Council began its work, and representatives of Ukraine were invited to it. They spoke at a meeting of the Council. Ryabovol greeted them:

"Dear guests! Stepmother-fate tore our Cossack grandfathers from their mother's womb and threw them into the Kuban. For more than a hundred years we lived here as orphans in the steppes, floodplains, mountains without maternal care.

The kings did everything to knock out of our heads, from our souls the memory of Ukraine and love for the Mother. The kings wanted to make us murderers, they wanted us, when the right time came, the time of liberation of Ukraine, to crush the will with our own hands, to rinse our swords in the blood of the Mother.

They would never expect that. We did not wait, because even though our kings mutilated our souls, they did not kill us, and we children would not raise our hands to the Mother. "

In November 1917, the Ukrainian government officially recognized the right of the Kuban Cossacks to exist independently. On December 30, a congress of Ukrainian public figures and representatives of the Ukrainian population of Kuban took place, at which the resolution stated "on the accession of Kuban to Ukraine."

On January 4, 1918, at the request of the Ukrainian Black Sea Council, 29 political parties and organizations supported the 3rd Universal of the Central Rada and appealed to the Kuban Military Government about the expediency of Kuban's accession to Ukraine.

The obstacle to the formation of the Kuban statehood and the establishment of relations between the Kuban and Ukraine was the conflict between the Kuban Cossacks and "outsiders", in which the Bolsheviks gained shaky authority among the Kubans. Thanks to the tireless work of Luka Bych and Kindrat Bardiz, this conflict was resolved and paved the way for Cuban independence.

The agitation of Kuban-Ukrainians at the session of the National Council and at the Regional Congress of Representatives of the entire population of the region in December 1917 had a great influence on the establishment of Kuban independence.

In the second half of February 1918, after the end of the session, a meeting of council members adopted and adopted a resolution on the annexation of Kuban on federal grounds to Ukraine.

Members of the Council supported the separation of Ukraine from Russia. Interestingly, even the most ardent supporters of "united and indivisible Russia", such as Skobtsov, voted for a federation with Ukraine. Earlier, the constitution of Independent Kuban was adopted.

The Bolsheviks did not recognize the independence of Kuban and its accession to Ukraine and declared war on the Soviet. Combat units of the Red Army from the German front arrived in the Kuban, the best armed at the time.

On February 22, 1918, when the situation became hopeless, the military ataman Filimonov convened a meeting at which it was decided to leave Ekaterinodar. The chairman of the Legislative Council, Ryabovol, and Bardizh offered to withdraw to Novorossiysk in an organized manner, but no decision was made.

A pre-departure address in Katerynodar read: "We left Katerynodar. But this does not mean that the struggle is over. We are inspired by the idea of ​​defending our land from the destruction of the Bolshevik invaders."

The Kuban Council agreed with the Volunteer Army. Georgy Pokrovsky mentions:

"At a time when village after village was falling under the Bolsheviks, who were abandoning the German and Turkish fronts and invading the Kuban and establishing Soviet rule, an unarmed handful of brave men led by the Legislative Council, government and military ataman left Katerinodar alone. Bolshevism. "

While traveling through the villages, a handful of people accidentally came across a detachment of Kornilov and Alekseev, the nucleus of the Newborn Volunteer Army.

The Bolsheviks considered Kuban part of the territory of the RSFSR, they repeatedly pointed this out to the Ukrainian government in the future in an ultimatum of the Council of People's Commissars, which was the beginning of Lenin's war against Ukraine, this issue was veiled under № 3.

A delegation from the Kuban Council was sent to Ukraine and received weapons from the Ukrainian authorities. The struggle against the Bolsheviks united the Kuban Rada with the Volunteer Army; although the Cubans were hesitant to ally them. However, a military alliance was concluded between them.

Assessing the activities of the SCNR, it must be acknowledged that the future of independent Ukraine was largely determined in the Kuban. According to the last prime minister of the Kuban Krai V. Ivanis, the indecisive attitude of the Ukrainian government of Skoropadsky to the political union with the Kuban saved the Volunteer Army.

If the hetman had used Kuban's proposal and immediately drawn it into the orbit of Ukrainian political action under any circumstances, the consequences of the struggle against the Bolsheviks would probably have been more positive.

It was not difficult to achieve the same. At the disposal of the hetman was a division of Gen. Natiev, which could be transferred to the Kuban without much difficulty. The latter, when mobilized, would strengthen the Ukrainian army by 200,000 good Cossacks. Such a decision would force the Good Army to create a front on the Volga or in Siberia. In any case, there would be no need for both Ukraine and Kuban to fight the Dobrarmia.

With this combination, the Entente representatives who arrived would have to help Ukraine and the annexed lands, not the Good Army, which would not exist here. But perhaps the most important thing is that the tradition of Kuban's unity with Ukraine would be restored.

The same prospect would save Ukrainian lands from starvation and other Soviet tortures that cost 15 million people of all ages and genders. Lack of understanding of the above facts led not only to the destruction of Kuban, but the whole of Ukraine.

Help KUBAN (karbo)

calendar